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Study: No breakfast and late dinner could increase heart attack risk

By: Team Ifairer | Posted: 19-04-2019
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Study: No breakfast and late dinner could increase heart attack risk
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People who skip breakfast and eat dinner near bedtime may have worse outcomes after a heart attack, a study has warned. The study found that people with the two eating habits had a four to five times higher likelihood of death, another heart attack, or angina (chest pain) within 30 days after hospital discharge for heart attack.

The study, published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, is the first to evaluate these unhealthy behaviours in patients with acute coronary syndromes. Skipping breakfast was observed in 58 per cent, late-night dinner eating in 51 per cent, and both behaviours in 41 per cent.

The study enrolled patients with a particularly serious form of heart attack called ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). "One in ten patients with STEMI dies within a year, and nutrition is a relatively inexpensive and easy way to improve prognosis," said Marcos Minicucci, of Sao Paolo State University, Brazil.

Minicucci recommended a minimum two hour interval between dinner and bedtime. "A good breakfast is usually composed of dairy products, a carbohydrate, and whole fruits," he said in a statement.

"It should have 15 to 35 per cent of our total daily calorie intake," said Minicucci. The study included 113 patients with a mean age of 60, and 73 per cent were men. Patients were asked about eating behaviours on admission to a coronary intensive care unit.
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